Francis Marion Trail Discover History Francis Marion   -  General Francis Marion,  The Swamp Fox  - Battles & Significant Life Events  -  Rev. War History     -        Home

Enacted by the state of South Carolina May 2, 2007: The twenty-seventh day of February annually is designated
as 'General Francis Marion Memorial Day' in honor of this South Carolina Revolutionary War hero."
Come and Celebrate Rev. War Living History Encampment to honor General Francis Marion.
      Francis Marion Living History Encampment at Camp Bob Cooper each February.
Visit the Swamp Fox Murals Trail. ©2002  Murals & Encampment: Open to the Public for Free


Francis Marion Symposium  from 2015  ... to 2003

For South Carolina Revolutionary War battles, maps, and command structure, JD Lewis has done extensive work:  the Revolutionary War in South Carolina, follow JD's presentation at Francis Marion Symposium , 2014

Search the Rev. War Pension records on-line:

For fun, Swamp Fox song at the bottom.

                Significant Events timeline for 1780-1782 designed by Scott Aiken to compare Marion's & other events in the Southern Department:


20 Aug 1780 Horse Creek is Nelson's Ferry or Great Savannah

7 Nov 1780  Jack's Creek to Ox Swamp: Marion learned of the Tarleton planned ambush at Richardson's
 8 Nov 1780 Marion, staying just ahead of the dragoons, 26 miles into Ox Swamp. 

Tarleton gave up the chase and said “as for the old fox, the devil himself could not catch him.” 

 Thus, General Francis Marion became known as the “Swamp Fox”.  Marion had a Benbow's Ferry ambush set up on the Black River. 

6-28 Mar 1781  Wiboo Swamp, Cantey Plantation, Mount Hope Swamp, Lower Bridge of the Black River at Kingstree to Sampit Bridge

10 Nov 1781 Celebration party at John Cantey’s Plantation

Check more Marion events and Bibliography at the bottom.

Francis Marion, the swamp Fox, portrait by K. MacNutt


Our artist friend, with a passion for General Francis Marion &
over 35 years of research on Marion, paints this depiction of Marion.
          Reflections on General Francis Marion

at General Francis Marion Memorial Day 2011 by Karen MacNutt.

In the darkest hour of the American Revolution, Francis Marion stepped forward

 when others were giving up. With little but his passion for liberty and strength

of intellect, he organized a force of patriots that frustrated British attempts

to invade Virginia thereby setting the stage for the British defeat at Yorktown.

Loved by his followers, respected by his enemies,

he is one of the foremost heroes of our War for Independence.                            


 Francis Marion, the Swamp Fox, statue by Barinowski in 2006    


"Clarendon County Tour" app will tell you about the sites and markers; 

 download here or at Google Play apps Store.

This is your walking and talking tour of the historic markers & sites

Or tour at home & pick the site to visit in Clarendon County, South Carolina 


You might watch some of  "Chasing the Swamp Fox", by SC ETV (it's on youtube,

but some write untruths as comments)

so much info & pics related to Francis Marion & some parts filmed in Clarendon County.

Intro to Francis Marion from the SC Hall of Fame & intro SCETV "Chasing the Swamp Fox".

(This SC ETV video can be purchased at )

After Charleston fell on May 12, 1780,

Marion had escaped capture and was the only senior Regimental or Continental Officer free to lead the local militia.

Significant Events in the Life of Francis Marion and the Revolution in SC:
   ** Battles or skirmishes Marion engaged in **
Winter 1732 Marion was born in the Low Country of South Carolina, youngest of six.
1738 (c) Family moved to Winyah Bay close to Georgetown. 
1747 (c) Francis went to sea. Disaster changed his mind about a career at sea. 
1750 (c) Francis Marion's father died and Francis, unmarried, managed farm.
**1756 Francis and brother, Gabriel, enlisted to fight Indians. Indian fighter to 1761
1773 Francis purchased land on the Santee, 4 miles below Eutaw Springs. 
April 19, 1775 Battles at Lexington and Concord, MA
May 1775 Marion learned of the struggle in New England and went to Charleston to Enlist, Commissioned as Captain on June 21, 1775, in SC Regiment. 
June 18, 1776 South Carolina Regiments incorporated into Continental Army. 
**June 28, 1776 British attack Sullivan's Island from the sea. Marion commanded the guns at the fort. (Now Fort Moultrie) 
--- South Carolina troops serve in SC and GA. Most action is in New England 

September 19, 1778, Marion takes command of the 2nd South Carolina Regiment.
Summer 1779 Lord Cornwallis has orders from London for the Southern Campaign. 
**October 9, 1779 Attempt to retake Savannah from British. Marion was involved 
January 20, 1780 Marion, now a Lt. Col., commands the 2nd SC Regt.
March 19, 1780 Marion at a party at Tradd St. Jumped out window and broke leg or ankle. Evacuated from the besieged Charleston which fell May 12, 1780.
August 16, 1780 Camden fell, Cornwallis defeated Gates
**August 17, 1780 Marion (age 48) assumed command of the Williamsburg Militia; controlled Santee River traffic, boats destroyed
**August 24, 1780 Nelson's Ferry (Great Savannah), Santee River, Marion attacked British Soldiers conveying prisoners to Charleston. 
**September 4, 1780 Blue Savannah, Marion ambushed Tories under Micah Ganey.  Wemyss's Campaign of Terror.  Marion at Great White Swamp (Waccamaw) in NC. 
**Sept 7, 1780 Kingstree – Marion's Militia snatched Brit for interrogation
**Sept. 28-29, 1780 Marion, back in SC, attacked Col. Ball at Black Mingo, Mouzon wounded. 
October 7, 1780 Battle at King's Mountain.  (Marion not involved)
**October 25, 1780 Marion attacked Brits at Tearcoat Swamp, Black River, during the night. 
**November 7, 1780 Confrontation at Richbourg’s Mill & Gen.Richardson’s Plantation/Big Home
**November 8, 1780 Jack’s Creek to Ox Swamp Chase, Marion became known as the “Swamp Fox”

 And Marion ambush site established at Benbow Ferry
**Nov. 15, 1780 Marion at White’s Plantation & Pen’s Plantation

Nov. 15, 1780 Marion's nephew Gabriel Marion killed after he surrendered near White Bridge, Georgetown
Dec. 2, 1780 Greene took command from Gates
**Dec. 5, 1780 Tory Tavern
**Dec. 12, 13, 1780 Marion at Halfway Swamp near Santee River, and Singleton's Mill. 
Dec. 14, 16, 17, 1780 Reconnoitered Backcountry Outposts, Santee Road Recon/Interdiction/ Ambush sites
Dec. 28, 30, 1780 Camp near Georgetown, Chased Rangers from Williamsburg to Georgetown
January 14, 1781 Waccamaw
January 17, 1781 Battle of Cowpens, Morgan defeated Tarleton.  (Marion not involved)
**January 25, 1781 Marion at Georgetown with Lee with the new moon. 
**January 29, 1781 Raided Moncks Corner & Congaree
**March 6-28, 1781 Marion at Wiboo Swamp, Cantey Plantation, Mount Hope Swamp,

Lower Bridge of the Black River at Kingstree and Sampit Bridge. 
**April 15-23, 1781 Marion and Lee,  Siege of Fort Watson, British surrendered because of Maham Tower, Santee River
**May 12, 1781 Marion and Lee capture Fort Motte
**May 28, 1781 Georgetown
**June 6, 1781 British evacuate Georgetown. 
July 8, 1781 Moncks Corner & Orangeburg
**July 17, 1781 Marion and Lee at Quinby Bridge & Shubrick’s Plantation
August 4, 1781 Col. Isaac Hayne is hanged in Charleston. 
**August 13, 1781 Marion ambushes Fraser and his Loyal SC Dragoons at Parker's Ferry Causeway
**Sept. 8, 1781 Battle of Eutaw Springs on Santee River 
**Sept. 20, 1781 Port’s Ferry on Pee Dee River
October 19, 1781 Cornwallis surrendered at Yorktown
Nov. 9, 1781 Marion learns of Cornwallis surrendered Francis Marion's home, 'Pond Bluff'
Nov. 10, 1781 Celebration party at John Cantey’s: “a fine party for the ladies of Santee”: Cantey Plantation
**February 24, 1782 Two encounters with Loyalist cavalry. Tydiman Plantation Skirmish w/foragers  
**August 29, 1782 Fair Lawn Skirmish, Marion encounters Fraser and is forced to retreat 
December 14, 1782 British evacuated Charleston. Militia not allowed to participate and had been disbanded. 

Marion has returned to his home at Pond Bluff
Marion's Marker at his tomb at Pineville, SC

April 20, 1786 Marion (age 53) married to Mary Esther Videau  

They lived at Pond Bluff, on the south edge of the Santee River

on their many acres and raised pineland cattle.

Feb. 27, 1795 Francis Marion died at his home at Pond Bluff,

area presently under Lake Marion and

he is buried at Belle Isle, his nephew Job's estate.


Extensive research & the Paper: Francis Marion: Stranger Than Fiction
Compiled by Christine Swager & George Summers

Marker at Marion's tomb at Pineville, SC. 33°  27.232'N, 80° 5.194' .


Note:  Researched information from works of: 

Lucien Agniel, Rebels Victorious: The American Revolution in the South, 1972

Scott Aiken: The Swamp Fox: Lessons in Leadership from the Partisan Campaigns of Francis Marion , 2012
John R. Alden, A History of the American Revolution, 1969
David G. Anderson & Judith A. Carter, Archeological Survey…SNWR, 1979
Todd Andrlik:
Reporting the Revolutionary War: Before It Was History, It Was News , 2012

Todd Andrlik, Hugh Harrington, Don Hagist, Journal of the American Revolution v.1, 2013

Lawrence E. Babits, A Devil of a Whipping, 1998
Lawrence E. Babits, Fortitude and Forbearance HC Continental Line.., 2004

Lawrence E. Babits, Southern Campaigns, 2002

D.W. Barefoot, Touring SC's Revolutionary War Sites, 1999
Robert D. Bass,   Gamecock, 1961
Robert D. Bass,   Swamp Fox, 1974

Robert D. Bass,   The Green Dragoon, 1973

M. C. Beckham, Colonial Spy, 2005

Douglas H. Bennett, Trail of the Swamp Fox, 2000

       Carol Berkin, Revolutionary Mothers, 2005     

Bob Bishop, Life, Liberty and Happiness, 2009

Mark M. Boatner III, Encyclopedia of the American Revolution, 1966

Benson Bobrick, Angel in the Whirlwind, 1997


Carl  Borick, A Gallant Dedense, 2003.

  Carl P. Borick, Relieve Us of This Burthen, 2012.

  R. Arthur Bowler, Logistics and the Failure of the British Army in America, 1975

William Willis Boddie, Traditions of the Swamp Fox, 2000

Melissa L. Bohrer, Glory, Passion and Principle, 2003
Douglas Bostick, Sunken Plantations, The Santee Cooper Project, 2008
Michael R. Bradley, It Happened In The Revolutionary War, 2003

C. L. Bragg, Crescent Moon over Carolina, 2013

 C. L. Bragg, Martyr of the American Revolution, 2016

Charles Broadwell, Sketches of Planters, Plantations, and Living Along the Great Road, Saint Mark's Parish, 1700-2000, 2010

Marvin W. Bubie, Celebrating the Revolutionary War – Municipal Symbols of a Free Country, 2011


John Buchanan, The Road To Guilford Courthouse, 1997

John Buchanan, The Road to Valley Forge, 2004

Bruce E. Burgoyne, Journal of a Hessian Grenadier Battalion, 2005

J. B. Burgess, Mount Dearborn Military Establishment, 1999.

  James M. Burgess, M.D., Chronicles of St. Mark’s Parish, 1888.

  Colin G. Calloway, The American Revolution in Indian Country, 1999.

  Katherine Cann, Turning Point, the American Revolution in the Spartan District, 2014

Jimmy Carter, The Hornet’s Nest, 2003
Edward J. Cashin,   William Bartram and the American Revolution on the Southern Frontier, 2000

Donald Barr Chidsey, The War in the South the Carolinas and Georgia in the American Revolution, 1969

Henry Clinton, The American Rebellion, 1954

Colonial Williamsburg, Historic Trades, 2014

Suzanne E. Coffman, et al.,  Williamsburg - Three Hundred Years

H. S. Commager & R. B. Morris, The Spirit of Seventy-Six, 1995

Kay Cornelius, Francis Marion, 2001

Susan F. Craft, The Chamomile, 2011.

  Susan F. Craft, Laurel, 2015.

William P. Cumming, North Carolina in Maps, 2001

Eric Dabney & Mike Coker, Historic South Carolina, 2006                           

 Frederick Dalcho, An Historical Account of the Protestant Episcopal Church in South-Carolina, 1820/2009
Sidney W. Dean, Knight of the Revolution, 1941

Joann Conrad Dohla, A Hessian Diary of the American Revolution, Burgoyne, 1990
Elisha P. Douglas, Rebels and Democrats, 1983

John Drayton, Memoirs of the American Revolution , 1821
Robert M. Dunkerly, Redcoats on the River, 2008

Walter Edgar, South Carolina History Encyclopedia, 2006

Walter Edgar, Partisans & Redcoats, 2001

Walter Edgar, South Carolina History, 1998

Joe Epley, A Passel of Hate, 2011

Joe  Epley, A Passel of Trouble, 2016

Leland G. Ferguson, Archeology at Scott’s Lake, 1975

 John Ferling, Almost A Miracle, 2007

Thomas Fleming, Liberty! The American Revolution, 1997
Sir J. W. Fortescue, The War of Independence: The British Army in North America 1775-1783 , 1911

Walter J. Fraser, Jr., Patriots, Pistols and Petticoats, 1976

Alexander Garden, Anecdotes of the Revolutionary War…, 1822

Joseph T. Glatthaar and James K. Martin, Forgotten Allies, 2007

Noel B. Gerson, Light-Horse Harry, 1966

Noel B. Gerson, The Swamp Fox, 1967

Robert Wilson Gibbes, Documentary History of the American Revolution, 1857


John W. Gordon, South Carolina and the American Revolution, 2003

Louis Gottschlk, LaFayette Comes To America, 1935
P. G. Gourdin, Life Along the Santee, 19??

John Grafton, The American Revolution, 1975
Rod Gragg, Planters, Pirates and Patriots, 1985

Matthew G. Grant, Francis Marion, 1974            

  Robert Graves, Sergeant Lamb’s America, 1940 (1995)

                      William T. Graves, James Williams, An American Patriot, 2002

  William T. Graves, Backcountry Evolutionary, 2012


Barbara Graymont, The Iroquois in the American Revolution, 1972.

  J.P. Greene & J.R. Pole, A Companion to The American Revolution, 2004

Francis Vinton Greene, General Greene, 1897

Jack P. Greene, A Companion to the American Revolution,

Anne King Gregorie, Thomas Sumter, R. L. Bryan, 1931

Samuel B. Griffith, Mao Tse-Tung On Guerrilla Warefare, 1961

Cecil B. Hartley, Heroes and Patriots of the South, 1860.  (Legacy Reprint)

David Freeman Hawke, Everyday Life in Early America, 1959.

Don Higginbotham, The War of American Independence, 1971
Historical Documents, Revolutionary War Battlefield Map, 1962

Alexia Jones Helsley, South Carolinians In The War For Am. Independence, 2000
Christopher Hibbert, Redcoats and Rebels, 1990


David R. Higgens, The Swamp Fox, 2013.

  William Hill, Col. William Hill’s Memoirs of the Revo;ution, 1921

Stewart H. Holbrook, The Swamp Fox of the Revolution, 1959

John Milton Hutchins, Massacre at Old Tappan, 2007
    John Milton Hutchins, Bull’s Ferry Roundup, 2007
Sheila Ingle, Courageous Kate, 2008

Sheila Ingle, Fearless Martha, 2011 

John Jakes, Kent Family Chronicles, Vol I, II, III
    Gordon Bubber Jenkinson, Williamsburgh District, 2007

Wm. Dobein James, A Sketch of the Life of Brig. Gen. Francis Marion
                                   and a History of His Brigade, 1821

Joseph Johnson, M.D., Traditions and Reminiscences Chiefly of the American Revolution, 1851/2009

George Fenwick Jones, The 1780 Siege of Charleston, The SC Historical Magazine, 1987

Randall Jones, Before They Were Heroes at King’s Mountain, 2006

C. Brian Kelly, American Revolution, 1999

Frances H. Kennedy, The American Revolution a Historical Guidebook, 2014.

  Kevin F. Kiley & Digby Smith, Uniforms of the American War of Independence 1775-1783, 2010.

  Brian Kilmeade & Don Yaeger, George Washington’s Secret Six, 2013.

F. M. Kirk, Pond Bluff, 2000

Wade S Kolb III and Robert M. Weir, Captured at Kings Mountain, 2011

Roger Lamb/Dan N. Hagist, A British Soldier’s Story, 1811/2004
Robert Lagemann and Albert C. Manuey, The Long Rifle, 1993

Bruce Lancaster, The American Revolution, 2001

John Lawson, A New Voyage to Carolina, 1709, reprint 1967
Robert Leckie, George Washington’s War, 1993

Henry Lee, Jr., The Campaign of 1781 in the Carolinas, 1824

Terry W. Lipscomb, Various Booklets, 1988
John J. Loeper, Going to School in 1776, 1973

John H. Logan, A History of the Upper Country of South Carolina, Reprint 2009

Benson J. Lossing, Hours with the Living Men and Women, 1889, Scoggins, 2005

Benson J. Lossing, The Pictorial Field Book of the Revolution, 1859
Silas E. Lucas, Jr., Mills' Atlas Of South Carolina, 1980 (1825)
Henry Lumpkin, From Savannah to Yorktown, 1981

Karen L. MacNutt, Francis Marion and the Training Fields of Mars, 2016

Gregory D. Massey, John Laurens and the American Revolution, 2000

David B. Mattern, Benjamin Lincoln and the American Revolution, 1995

Bill Mauldin, Mud & Guts, 1978

Charles G. Mann, 1493, 2011

Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1775-1780, 1901.

               Edward McCrady, The History of South Carolina in the Revolution, 1780-1783, 1902.


Lee F. McGee, European Influences on Continental Cavalry, 2007

Hugh M. McLaurin, III, The Swamp Fox, 1988

Fitzhugh McMaster, Soldiers and Uniforms, SC Military Affairs, 1971

Robert L. Meriwether, The Expansion of South Carolina 1729-1765, 1940.

  John Mollo, Uniforms of the American Revolution, 1975

Horatio Newton Moore, Francis Marion, 1845
Robert Morgan, Brave Enemies, 2003

Dan L. Morrill,  Southern Campaigns of the American Revolution, 1993

Brendan Morrissey, Yorktown 1781, 2004

Bobby G. Moss & Michael C. Scoggins, African-American Patriots in the Southern Campaign
of the American Revolution
, 2004

William Moultrie, Memoirs of the American Revolution, 1802

James W. Mueller, Santee National Wildlife Archeological Survey, 1979

  John A. Nagy, Dr. Benjamin Church, Spy, 2013

Erick W. Nason, In the Presence of Wolvees, 2016

National Geographic Society, America’s Historylands, 1962

  Kenneth Nebenzahi & Don Higginbotham,  Atlas of the American Revolution, 1974


  George C. Neumann, Swords and Blades of the American Revolution, 1973

Cassie Nicholes, Historical Sketches of Sumter County, 1975

Patrick K. O’Donnell, Washington’s Immortals, 2016

Patrick O’Kelley, Nothing but Blood & Slaughter-Rev. War in the Carolinas, Vols. 1 & 2, 2004
Patrick O’Kelley, Nothing but Blood & Slaughter-Rev. War in the Carolinas, Vols. 3 & 4, 2005

Patrick O’Kelley, Unwaried Patience and Fortitude, Francis Marion's Orderly Books, 2007


John Oller, The Swamp Fox: How Francis Marion Saved the Revolution, 2016
James Otis, The Boy Spies With the Swamp Fox , 1899
 James Otis, The Minute Boys of South Carolina, 1907

John S. Pancake, This Destructive War, 1985

John C. Parker, Jr., Guide to the Revolutionary War in South Carolina, 2009.

Michael Pearfon, Those Damned Rebels, 1972 

Rodney M. Peck, Colonial Artifacts of Early America, 2002
Howard H. Peckham, The War for Independence, 1958

Michael Pearfon, Those Damned Rebels, 1972


Theda Perdue, The Cherokees, 2005

Margaret F. Pickett, Eliza Lucas Pinckney, 2016
Jim Piecuch, Cavalry of the American Revolution, 2014

Jim Piecuch, The Battle of Camden, 2006
Jim Piecuch, Three Peoples, One King, Loyalists, Indians, & Slaves,2008

    W. R. Pritchett, There is a Black River, 1930s?.
David Ramsey, The History of the American Revolution, Vol. 2, 1789

R. Randolph / James Otis, How We Boys Aided Marion the Swamp Fox, 1907

Hugh F. Rankin, Francis Marion: The Swamp Fox, 1973

Hugh F. Rankin, The North Carolina Continentals. 1971
    Hugh F. Rankin, North Carolina in the American Revolution, 1959

Ray Raphael, A People's History of the American Revolution, 2001

Roe Richmond, Island Fortress, 1952

Ricky Roberts & Bryan Brown, Every Insult & Indignity, 2011

Mrs. Arthur Gordon Rose, Little Mistress Chicken, 1913
Parke Rouse, Jr., The Great Wagon Road, 1996

David Lee Russell, The American Revolution in the Southern Colonies, 2000

  William R. Ryan, The World of Thomas Jeremiah, 2010

Ian Saberton, The Cornwallis Papers, 2010

Leslie Sackrison, Awesome Women, 2007

Henry Savage, Jr., River of the Carolinas: The Santee, 1968

George F. Scheer & Hugh F. Rankin, Rebels & Redcoats, 1987

David Schenck, North Carolina 1780-81, 1889
Arthur M. Schlesinger, The Colonial Merchants and the American Revolution, 1968

 Michael C. Scoggins, The Day It Rained Militia, 2005

Anthony Scotti, Jr., Brutal Virtue, 2002

Bill Segars, Churches in SC Burned During the American Revolution, 2016

W. Gilmore Simms, Brig. General Francis Marion, edited by Jogn Huffman, 2012

  W. Gilmore Simms, The Life of Francis Marion, 1844

  W. Gilmore Simms (Charles S. Watson), Woodcraft, 1852 (1983

Eugene B. Sloan, Scenic South Carolina, 1971
Steven D. Smith, Obstinate and Strong, 2007
    Steven D. Smith, The Search For Colonial Jacksonborough, 2008

Steven D. Smith, The Search for Francis Marion, 2008

  Steven D. Smith, Archaeological Evaluation of the Dunham’s Bluff Sites, 2009             

  Steven D. Smith, Francis Marion at Snow Island, 2010

Jack Sprott, Man Beloved: A Novel of the Yemassee War, 2011

Sol Stember, The Bicentennial Guide to the American Revolution, 1974

Richard Stengel (Time), Benjamin Franklin, 2010

Baron von Steuben, Revolutionary War Drill Manual, (Dover) 1985

D. W. Stokes,  The Life of Francis Marion,  1974

James L. Stokesbury, A Short History of the American Revolution, 1991

Thomas S. Sumter, Stateburg and Its People, 1922

Christine R. Swager,  Black Crows & White Cockades, 1990

Christine R. Swager, If Ever Your Country Needs You, 2001

Christine R. Swager, Come To the Cowpens!, 2002

Christine R. Swager, The Valiant Died, The Battle of Eutaw Springs, September 8, 1781, 2006

Christine R. Swager, Heroes of Kettle Creek, 1779-1782 , 2008

Christine R. Swager, Musgrove Mill Historic Site, 2013

Craig L. Symonds, Battlefield Atlas of American Revolution, 1986

Banastre Tarleton, History of the Campaigns of 1780 & 1781, 1787
Elswyth Thane, The Fighting Quaker: Nathanael Greene, 1972

Roy Thompson, Before Liberty, 1976 

Don Troiani, Soldiers in America, 1998

Don Troiani and James L. Kochan, Soldiers of the American Revolution, 2007

  Robert L. Tonsetic, Special Operations During the American Revolution, 2013
Daniel J. Tortora, A Faithful Ambassador, The SC Historical Magazine, 2006-7

Daniel J. Tortora, Carolina in Crisis, 2015
    John P. True, On Guard, 1927
Mao Tse-Tung, On Guerrilla Warfare, 1937 (2009)

    Barbara W. Tuchman, The First Salute, 1988

Marion Cabell Tyree, Housekeeping in Old Virginia, 1879.        Recipes

  Harlow Giles Unger, Lafayette, 2002.

  Mark Urban, Fusiliers, 2007.

  Dorothy & James Volo, Daily Life During the American Revolution, 2003.

  Melissa Walker, The Battles of Kings Mountain and Cowpens, 2013.

  James A. Wallace, History of Williamsburg Church, 1856 (1971).

 Norman S. Walsh, Plantations, Pineland Villages, Pinopolis and Its People, 2007

 Jessica Warner, John the Painter, 2004

George Washington, Journal of Major George Washington (1753-1754), 1959

George Washington, Rules of Civility & Decent Behaviour, Applewhite, 1988
    Wylma A. Wates, A Flag Worthy of Your State and People, 1996

James Webb, Born Fighting, 2004

M. L. Weems,   The Life of General Francis Marion, 1824
Russell F. Weigley, The American Way of War, 1973

Russell F. Weigley, The Partisan War, 1970
Kenneth C. Weyand, Recipes & Stories of Early-Day Settlers, 1988

C. Keith Wilbur, The Revolutionary Soldier, 1969
W. B. Wilcox, Clinton’s Narrative of The American Rebellion, 1954
Beryl Williams & Samual Epstein, Francis Marion, 1958

David K. Wilson,  The Southern Strategy, 2005
Scott Wimberley, Special Forces – Guerrilla Warfare Manual, 1997

Robert Witherspoon, The Witherspoon Family Chronicle, 1780 (1967).

Charles Woodmason, The Carolina Backcountry on the Eve of the Revolution,  Hooker-1953
Richard Yeadon, The Marion Family, Southern & Western Magazine & Review, 1845

Eugene N. Zeigler, Jr., In Disgrace with Fortune and Men’s Eyes, 2012.

Tony Zeiss, Backcountry Fury, 2010


Marion request letter, Sullivan’s Island, 26 July 1778
Marion appointment to Lieutenant Colonel, 16 September 1776 (dated 12 April 1782)
Marion Letter,  Salem Black, 6 Feb 1781
Marion reciept, Camp Peedee River, 19 Feb 1781
Marion Congressional Citation, 12 April 1782
Marion Letters, City of Charleston Yearbook, 1895
Marion Article, Sanders R. Guignard family,  Dec. 26, 2002

Marion Letter, re. Fort Watson, 23 April, 1781
Marion Presentation, The Man and The Myth, Lauren Pougue, April, 2003
Marion Presentation, Christine Swager, Francis Marion, Stranger then Fiction, April, 2003
Marion-Gadsden Correspondence, SC Historical Magazine
Francis Marion’s Hunting Lodge, Nettie Smith Owings, Huguenot Society of SC, 1975
Pond Bluff, F. M. Kirk, Geocities, 4/6/99
The Swamp Fox, Hugh M. McLaurin, III, Nov. 16, 1988
Francis Marion, Frankie Anderson, 1994
Francis Marion Statement, re. plundering, 29 April 1790
News Article,  Pennsylvania Packet, 10-09-1781
News Article, Pennsylvania Evening Post, August 14, 1781
Letter, Lt. Col Balfour to Lord George Germain, May 1, 1781
Letter, Gen Green, McCord’s Ferry, May 14, 1781

Marion request letter, April 21, 1781
News Article, Richmond, April 6, 1782
News Article, New Jersey Gazette, April 1, 1781
Marion Letter to Gen Greene, Pennsylvania Packet, March 6, 1781
Marion Letter to Gen Greene, Pennsylvania Packet, January 31, 1781
News Article, Pennsylvania Packet, January 9, 1781
News Article, NY Royal Gazette, Sep 20, 1780  (About Nelson’s Ferry and 150 Marylanders)
News Article, Marion Letter, NE Chronicle, Jan 18, 1781
News Article, Royal SC Gazette, Nov 16, 1780
Francis Marion Orderly Book Presentation, John Frierson, April, 2003
Trail of The Swamp Fox, Douglas H. Bennett, Jul-Aug 2000, SC Wildlife
Francis Marion as an Intelligence Officer, George W. Kyte, SC Historical Magazine
Francis Marion, Carologue, Spring 2004, Intelligence
The Life of Francis Marion, D. W. Stokes, est. 1926,  reprinted 1974
The Order Books of Francis Marion, Discipline by the Lash, John L. Friarson, Carologue, Winter 1999
General Marion’s Sweet Potatoe Dinner, unknown, facts/myths wrong
New Facts about an Old Story, Nell Weaver Davies, Carologue, Winter 1999

Who Was the Swamp Fox, Interview with Leslie Nielson, Paul F. Anderson
Francis Marion, Benson J. Lossing, Harper’s New Monthly Magazine, July, 1858.
Haunts of “The Swamp Fox”, P. D. Hay, Harper’s New Monthly Magazine
Simm’s Life of Marion, review, Jan 1845

L/C Brian W. Neil, The Southern Campaign of the American Revolution, The American Insurgency, 1780 to 1782. 2009.

Numerous Discussions with: 
Charles Baxley, Daniel Bell,  Scott Bell, Dr. Anthony Beninati, Jeannette Beranger,          
Fin Coffey, Mike Coker, Windy Corbett, Janson Cox, Doug Crutchfield, Dan Culpepper,
Dr. Marion Davis, Dr. Walter Edgar, Dr. Elizabeth Fenn, Dr. George Fields,
John Frierson, Harold Furse, Christopher George, David Grant,
Val Green, Doyle Harper,
Justin Liles, Dr. Karen MacNutt, Norman McFadden,
Dr. Warner Montgomery, Joe  Moore,
Erick Nason, Patrick O’Kelley, Lauren Pogue,
Dr. Tom Powers, Herb Puckett, John Robertson,
Dr. David Reuwer, Nicki Sackrison, Ross St. George, Dr. Steve Smith, Dwight Stewart, Frank Stovall,
Dr. Joe T. Stukes, Dr. Bob Swager, Dr. Christine Swager, Dr. Dan Tortora,  Dr. Wright Turbeville,
Luther Wannamaker, Richard Watkins, Athena Westeren, Scott Withrow

Sing along especially on the chorus;

Music at 

Excerpt from Disney:


My name is Francis Marion. I fought the British redcoats in ’76,

Hiding in the Carolina swamps by day & surprising them with swift strikes at night.

They called me a tricky swamp fox, so a swamp fox I became.


Swamp Fox, Swamp Fox

Tail on his hat. Nobody knows Where the Swamp Fox at.

Swamp Fox, Swamp Fox

Hiding in the glen. He runs away to fight again.


I fire a gun, the birds take wing.

Their startled cry’s a signal clear.

My men march forth to fight the King.

And leave behind their loved ones dear.


Swamp Fox, Swamp Fox,  Tail on his hat. Nobody knows Where the Swamp Fox at.

Swamp Fox, Swamp Fox,  Hiding in the glen. He runs away to fight again.


We had no lead, we had no powder.

Always fought with an empty gun.

Only made us shout the louder.

We are the men of Marion.


We had no cornpone, had no honey,

all we had was continental money.

Couldn’t buy nothing worth beans in a pot

Roastin’ ears & possum was all we ever got.


Swamp Fox, Swamp Fox,  Tail on his hat. Nobody knows Where the Swamp Fox at.

Swamp Fox, Swamp Fox,  Hiding in the glen. He runs away to fight again.


We had no blankets, had no beds.

Had no roof above our heads.

We get no shelter when it rains.

All we got was Yankee brains.


The Redcoats rise in a foreign land

Their hearts are far across the sea,

They never try to understand

We fight for home & liberty.


Swamp Fox, Swamp Fox,  Tail on his hat. Nobody knows Where the Swamp Fox at.

Swamp Fox, Swamp Fox,  Hiding in the glen. He runs away to fight again.


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